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If you are female, you are familiar with the term “gynaecology.” It may even send a cold shudder down your back as you think of cold hands and an even colder speculum. This specialty field of medicine may not endear itself to you. However, it is one medical area requiring at least respect for the extensive training demanded from its practitioners – gynecologists.

What Is a Gynecologist?

A gynaecologist addresses a variety of issues affecting both the pelvic and urogenital organs of the female. Overall, he or she is a specialist in handling what were once called “female problems” in both the normal and diseased states. Closely to obstetrics, gynecology not only demands the practitioner excel in surgery but also possess a high level of awareness of psychological issues.

What Areas of Medicine Does Gynaecology Cover?

Gynaecology is quite inclusive. You can visit a gynecologist once a year for a pap smear or spend longer with one who specializes in diagnosing reproductive problems. A list of the responsibilities gynecologists have include:

  • Pap smears
  • STD tests
  • Breast exams
  • Contraception (Birth control)
  • Abortion
  • Infertility
  • In vitro fertilization
  • Menopause
  • PMS symptoms
  • Hormone replacement therapy (HRT)
  • Diagnosis of reproductive problems such as polycystic ovarian syndrome and cervical cancer
  • Diagnose and treat vaginal infections and urinary tract infections

While the focus has been on mature women, gynecologists are there to help adolescents. Some focus on adolescent gynecology. These medical professional can explain to tweens and teens how hormonal changes are affecting their reproduction systems. They can explain the difference between normal and abnormal vaginal discharge. They can answer any questions about sex.


A gynecologist is a highly trained medical professional. The focus is on gynaecology. This is the diagnosis, treatment and management of medical conditions and diseases that affect the reproductive organs and breasts of females. While some women may find a visit embarrassing, it is the best way to ensure the health of this particular component of your body.

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